The Cloud Mystery Program

The Cloud Mystery

(Duration: 52 minutes, Language: English)

Our clouds take their orders from the stars,” says the Danish scientist Henrik Svensmark. That’s the amazing and provocative discovery reported here. Most experts thought the idea was crazy.

The film records ten years of effort by the small team in Copenhagen that, in the end, solved the mystery of how the Galaxy and the Sun interfere in our everyday weather.

It’s provocative because Dr Svensmark’s revelations challenge the belief of most climate theorists that carbon dioxide has been the main driver of global warming. As a result he has faced never-ending opposition.

But strong support for the cosmic view of climate change comes from astronomer Nir Shaviv and geologist Jan Veizer. In the film they tell how the Galaxy has governed the Earth’s ever-changing climate over 500 million years.

The Cloud Mystery is aimed at a wide audience. Astonishing pictures from our Galaxy, the Sun, and cloud formations are mixed with spectacular animations to simplify the science. Comments by astronomers, geologists and climate experts convey their sense of adventure, and give scientific weight to the discoveries presented. The audience is taken on a trip around the world, where scientists from Denmark, Israel, Canada, the USA, and Norway contribute to this exciting story.

Linking all the discoveries is the non-stop rain of cosmic rays – energetic particles from exploded stars that battle with the Sun’s magnetic field to reach the Earth. Central in the story is an experiment in a Copenhagen basement. It showed how cosmic rays help to make chemical specks in the air on which water drops condense to make clouds.

The story concludes that clouds are the main driver of climate change on Earth.

The documentary follows Henrik Svensmark in his struggle to find the physical evidence of a celestial climate driver. The film demonstrates that science can be a rough place to be if you are in opposition to the established “truth”.

Lars Oxfeldt Mortensen has produced and directed a number of international acclaimed documentaries. He is the winner of numerous awards


Documentary Duration: 52 minutes Format: 16:9 Sales: DR Sales
– How the Milky Way, the Sun, and the clouds rule climate on Earth.
THE CLOUD MYSTERY is a scientific detective story. It tells how a Danish scientist, Henrik Svensmark, through pioneering experiments in Copenhagen, solved the puzzle of how supernova explosions in our Galaxy and variations in the Sun govern climate changes on the Earth.

Scarcely audible above the noise about global warming, Svensmark has reported a new kind of aerial chemistry triggered by events in our Galaxy that shower our planet with atomic particles – the cosmic rays. This celestial mechanism determines cloudiness and temperatures on Earth. It is so powerful that we now have to re-evaluate the causes of global warming.

Henrik Svensmark linking the Sun and the clouds with climate change.

Strong evidence that changes in the Earth’s climate follow changes in the Sun’s magnetic behaviour came from the Copenhagen scientists Eigil Friis-Christensen and Knud Lassen in 1991. In principle it might explain most of the warming in the 20th Century, but no one knew how the Sun could affect the climate so much.

One effect of solar changes is to vary the number of cosmic rays reaching the Earth from the Galaxy. In 1995 Henrik Svensmark, also in Copenhagen, began to wonder if the cosmic rays could affect cloud cover. When he compared satellite observations of clouds with the varying counts of cosmic rays from year to year, he found an amazing link. A stronger Sun and fewer cosmic rays meant fewer clouds and a warmer world. Friis-Christensen agreed with this explanation for the Sun’s role.

Scientists favouring carbon dioxide as the driver of global warming rejected the discovery. Yet ample evidence reveals Sun-driven climate change, long before human industry could have been a factor. The astronomer Nir Shaviv of Jerusalem takes the viewer to cliffs by the Dead Sea, where layers of sediment show alternations of wet and dry periods over centuries and millennia. The changes matched solar-driven variations in the intensity of cosmic rays.

Dark and light bands by the Dead Sea tell of ever-changing wet and dry periods

Continuing his investigations, with Nigel Marsh, Svensmark found that the clouds most affected by variations in the cosmic rays are those at low altitude. Although surprising, this fitted very well with the emerging theory of cloud-driven climate change. The next question was, How could the cosmic rays affect cloud formation? As explained in the film by Richard Turco from Los Angeles, water vapour condenses to make cloud droplets only in the presence of invisible particles floating in the air as aerosols, or cloud condensation nuclei. Cosmic rays might help to make the aerosols.

Svensmark wanted to carry out a laboratory experiment on that possible influence of cosmic rays on cloud condensation nuclei. But he ran into strong opposition to the very idea of an experiment, from scientists who dismissed the possibility of any connection. As a result, Svensmark and his team were short of funds. The work of building an experimental chamber in the basement of the Danish National Space Center was painfully slow

Astronomer Nir Shaviv, Jerusalem, explains our position in the Milky Way.

Meanwhile, in 2002, unexpected support came from Nir Shaviv in Jerusalem, who carried the story of cosmic rays and climate back over hundreds of millions of years, from an astronomer’s point of view. Shaviv realised that whenever the Sun and its planets visit the bright spiral arms of the Milky Way Galaxy, they are exposed to stronger cosmic rays, which create ‘icehouse’ conditions on the Earth. Visiting MØns Klint in Denmark, Shaviv points out the chalk cliffs dating from the ‘hothouse’ world of the dinosaurs, and the bulldozing action of glaciers in the present ‘icehouse’ era. His interpretations turned out to fit beautifully with the discovery of alternations of warm and cool oceans, by the geologist Ján Veizer of Toronto.

Geologist Jan Veizer, Ottawa, shows a brachiopod, used for estimating Earth’s temperatures the past 500 million years

By 2005, the experiment in Copenhagen was at last running well. It gave very clear evidence for the role of cosmic rays in helping to build small aerosols that grow into cloud condensation nuclei. But the next problem was to get the report published in a scientific journal. Svensmark and his team faced rejection after rejection, for no very good reason. As the eminent physicist Eugene Parker comments in the film, politically incorrect ideas about global warming face this kind of resistance in the scientific community.

At long last, the paper was accepted for publication by the Royal Society of London in 2006. While the champagne flowed, Svensmark said the cloud mystery was solved but wondered when the climate community would catch up with his discovery. The film ends with Shaviv pointing out that we are part of a galactic ecosystem, and Svensmark saying we must no longer think of the Earth as an island in space.

Henrik Svensmark and Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen with the basement experiment

Svensmark built the world’s largest cloud chamber at the Danish National Space Centre(Now DTU Space) in Copenhagen. They worked five years in the laboratory before they had the results. During the fall of 2006 the epoch making results were publishing world-wide in science literature. The results concluded that the climate of Earth is decisively influenced by exploding stars and additionally: This mechanism literally turns the Earth’s thermostat upside down. This means that Cosmic rays produces aerosols in our atmosphere, which are necessary for the formation of clouds. Without these aerosols water vapour cannot condense into droplets and form clouds. Remember that water vapour is by far the dominating greenhouse gas, and even very small changes in the global cloud cover will change the Earth radiation budget significantly.

Natural events in our Galaxy and on the manic-depressive Sun decide whether the Earth’s cloud cover is letting the Sun heat or cool the surface of the Earth. The clouds, obedient to the cosmic rays, are the dominant driver of climate change. As a result we have to re-evaluate our understanding of the climate. A new field in climate research called cosmoclimatology is progressing.

Past climate variations
Using this discovery we are now able to explain how the feeble Sun allowed more clouds to form and cool the world 300 years ago during the Little Ice Age. During the 20th Century the Sun doubled its magnetic strength and warmed the Earth. And just recently Henrik Svensmark together with astronomers and geologists have documented an extraordinary relationship between these celestial events and the evolution of biosphere’s millions of years back in time.

The discovery introduces a new fascinating perspective that we are indeed taking part in a intergalactic eco system where the evolution of biosphere’s are linked to celestial forces through climate change on all time scales.


The Oppressed Majority: A Poignant French Short Film about a World in Which Men Are Subject to Sexism

The Oppressed Majority: A Poignant French Short Film about a World in Which Men Are Subject to Sexism


A tragicomic day in the life of a man who struggles for equality in a mirror-image society dominated by women.

“Those who travel with the current will always feel they are good swimmers,” NPR science correspondent Shankar Vedantam wrote in his extraordinary exploration of society’s hidden biases, “[and] those who swim against the current may never realize they are better swimmers than they imagine.” That’s precisely what French filmmaker Eleonore Pourriat brings to life with imaginative vividness, elegantly waltzing between the hilarious and the heartbreaking, in her brilliant and pause-giving short film Oppressed Majority — a day in the life of a man who faces subtle sexism and unabashed sexual violence in a mirror-image society dominated by women. Laugh, cry, think twice:

For a deeper look at the serious issue beneath the comic veneer, see Vedantam’s indispensable The Hidden Brain: How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives — a perspective-shifting even, if not especially, for those of us who consider ourselves well-intentioned and are thus most susceptible to unwitting biases.

Thanks, Julie

Provocação: O que a mulher e o elefante têm em comum?

Próximo programa - 21/10/2014

The future….belongs to the feminine”, Nawal El Moutawakel.

Caros geonautas,

Diante do novo e inusitado, lembremos Rabelais: “O que e mulher e o elefante têm em comum?”

A vida como ela é”, diria o único reacionário do Brasil, claramente mais uma mera provação, com sexo, cultura e GabiLola Benvenutti, e parafraseando o anjo pornográfico, bonitinha e extraordinária.

Uma resposta a pergunta acima: nenhum dos dois sabem o poder que tem.

A professora e prostituta, GabiLola, lembra-nos mais uma vez, nesse mundo patriarcal da psicanálise do homem desbussolado, que o único que ainda não sabe, é o elefante.


Hans and Ola Rosling: How not to be ignorant about the world

Tradução livre do site TED:

Quanto você sabe sobre o mundo? Hans Rosling, com suas famosas interações sobre a população global, saúde e renda (dados globais) e um marcador de lousa extra-extra grande, demonstra que você tem a chance estatística alta de estar completamente errado sobre o que você acha que sabe. Aplicando junto com seu público questionários -, então, a partir de seu filho, Ola, aprenda 4 maneiras de ser rapidamente menos ignorante.

(How much do you know about the world? Hans Rosling, with his famous charts of global population, health and income data (and an extra-extra-long pointer), demonstrates that you have a high statistical chance of being quite wrong about what you think you know. Play along with his audience quiz — then, from Hans’ son Ola, learn 4 ways to quickly get less ignorant.)

Um alívio: veja e constate que os jornalistas/mídia sabem bem menos que você

Ainda sem legenda em Português:

Marina Silva, o Lula de saia, sem jogo de cintura

Caros geonautas,

Nada se entende fora da história”, eu “mato a cobra e mostro o pau” sobre a polêmica frase no Blog do Fernando Rodrigues, que ele atribui a Zé Dirceu (clique aqui), e também a negativa em vários blogs, como o Blog do Marat Calado (clique aqui), o Top News (clique aqui).

Não vou dizer que o Fernando está com meia verdade, muitos podem ter dito, mas eu disse essa expressão num artigo de 19 de janeiro de 2013, na qual o Nassif colocou como post no Blog, e obteve 66 comentários, que continuam lá:

Uma aposta na ruptura da polarização entre PT e PSDB

(SAB, 19/01/2013 – 13:46  / ATUALIZADO EM 20/02/2013 – 11:54 )

(..) “A trajetória de Marina Silva, guardadas as devidas proporções, pode ser considerada como o Lula da Silva “de saia”, ……”.

E também gostaria de adicionar hoje que, a Marina Silva, claramente ainda não tem o jogo de cintura e a maturidade política de Lula, é uma turrona, teimosa, não confia e não sabe ouvir seus interlocutores. Essa faceta ficou clara ano passado após o não registro da REDE SUSTENTABILIDADE e a crítica de Alfredo Sirkis, relatado na mídia em geral, como a reportagem do Jornal O Globo:

Sirkis diz que Rede ‘deu mole’ e faz duras críticas a Marina

Portanto reafirmo o que disse em 19 de janeiro de 2013, acrescido da visão de hoje: Marina Silva é o Lula de saia sem jogo de cintura. O quanto ela mudou e amadureceu, após todos os revezes do ano passado e agora o efeito Eduardo Campos, o tempo dirá.

Quem viver verá!

Espetáculo de sonhos, os olhos da alma, os olhos da vida

Caros geonautas,

Hoje voltei à minha infância, voltei meio século no tempo, no tempo em que para aprender a nadar, minha mãe sugeriu-me, “se você engolir um peixinho vivo, vai aprender fácil fácil“, o que fiz, engolindo uma pequena piquira, e a mágica se fez.

O espetáculo “Presente de Vô”, é uma beleza, um masterpiece, como disse a diretora do espetáculo, Regina Bertola, “com sonhos e trabalho, acontece até milagre”, e adicionou, “os sonhos são os olhos da vida”, eu complementaria, um espetáculo maravilhoso, de sonhos, magias, que são os olhos da alma. Parafraseando Harold Bloom, o homem que inventou o ser humanos que somos hoje, Shakespeare: “Somos feitos da matéria dos nossos sonhos“.

Procure, descubra por onde esses encantadores da alma vão se apresentar e leve as crianças, você vai despertar a criança que existe dentro de você. “Para ver bem é preciso ter imaginação“.

Página no facebook:

Sinopse: SESC Belenzinho: Presente De Vô

Teatro Presente de Vô GUTO MUNIZ alta3

O espetáculo marca o lançamento da coleção Presente de Vô, em parceria com o Programa Natura Musical, como parte da comemoração da parceria de quinze anos entre o coro Meninos de Araçuaí e o grupo Ponto de Partida.  O repertório mescla cirandas guaranis, cantigas de ninar africanas, batuques aprendidos com avós do Vale do Jequitinhonha, aleluias misturados a vozes indígenas, Tom Jobim, Chico Buarque, Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso e Milton Nascimento, canções do folclore português – ou recolhidas nas andanças antropológicas de Mário de Andrade – e músicas compostas originalmente para a trilha sonora de quatro histórias para lá de fantasiosas que nos fazem olhar, com um carinho muito especial, para a nossa herança.

Cada música é alinhavada por histórias emocionantes com personagens que vivem situações absurdas e divertidas acerca da perda ou do resgate da memória e dos sonhos, inspiradas no universo do escritor moçambicano Mia Couto.

O grupo Ponto de Partida surgiu na cidade mineira de Barbacena, com amplo repertório de espetáculos em seus trinta e três anos de trajetória. Há quinze anos assumiu a direção artística do Coro Meninos do Araçuaí, em parceria ora comemorada pelo lançamento da coleção e do espetáculo Presente de Vô.

Concepção: Ponto de Partida. Direção geral e dramaturgia: Regina Bertola. Texto: Ponto de Partida, com citações de Mia Couto. Músicas originais: Pablo Bertola, Lido Loschi, Júlia Medeiros e Pitágoras Silveira. Arranjos: Pau Brasil, Gilvan de Oliveira, Pablo Bertola e Pitágoras Silveira. Direção musical: Felipe Moreira. Direção de produção: Júlia Medeiros e Pablo Bertola. Realização: Ponto de Partida, CPCD e Ministério da Cultura. Patrocínio: Natura. Assessoria de imprensa nacional: Vicente Negrão.

Duração: 80 minutos
Local: Teatro